없어요 : do not have

‘없어요’ is the opposite of ‘있어요’. If ‘있어요’ means ‘have’, then ‘없어요’ means ‘do not have’.

 

[We will use the same examples from the ‘있어요’ post] 

1) having (possession)

Ex) Qns: 돈이 있어요? (Do you have money?)

{돈 means ‘money’}

{돈 is the subject (noun) and ends with a consonant, thus, we attach the subject marker ‘이’ to the noun}

Ans: 아니요, 없어요. (No, I do not have)

{‘아니요’ means ‘no’}

 

2) existence (someone/something being in or at some place)

Ex) 매리가 집에 어요. (Mary is not at home)

{집 means ‘home/house’ and ‘에’ means ‘at’}

 

3) expressing location (i.e. under, above, behind etc)

Ex) 학교가 앞에 어요. (There isn’t any school in front)

{학교 means ‘school’ and 앞 means ‘front’ and 에 in this sentence means the direction}

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About nunasaoirse

I have been learning Korean language for more than 8 years in either Singapore or Korea. Writing this blog helps me to refresh my knowledge. I am still revising Korean language every now and then but not actively. This blog consisted of the gist of the several Korean textbooks that I am using and you may find some examples "de-ja-vu".
This entry was posted in Korean Grammar 한국어 문법. Bookmark the permalink.

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