형용사 (현재) : Adjective Verb (Present Tense) – Informal Polite Style ‘아/어요’

In this post, I am going to talk about adjective verbs.

‘아 / 어 요’ is the informal polite style for sentences ending with an adjective verb.

 

1) ‘아 요’ is used whenever the adjective verb ends with a vowel ‘아’ or ‘오’.

Example:

a) 작 다 -> 작 + 아 요 => 작 아 요 (small)

b) 좋 다 -> 좋 + 아 요 => 좋 아 요 (good)

E.g:

이 바지가 작아요. (This pants is small.) [yi pajiga jakayo.]

이 책이 좋아요. (This book is good.) [yi cheki johayo.]

 

2) ‘어 요’ is used whenever the last vowel of the adjective verb is anything but ’아’ or ‘오’.

Example:

a) 예 쁘 다 -> 예 쁘 + 어 요 => 예 뻐 요 (pretty / beautiful)

{When a verb ends with a vowel ‘ㅡ’ and no consonant behind the vowel, ‘쁘’ + 어 요 becomes ‘으’ + ‘어’ => ‘어’, and hence becomes ‘뻐 요’.}

E.g:

그 여자가 예뻐요. (That girl is pretty.) [G- yourjaga yebawyo.]

 

If you have read my previous post, you will realise that ‘여 요’ is missing for this post which means that you do not see any ‘하 다’ at all. Why is this so? Because ‘하 다’  means it is an action itself. Hence, there will NOT be any adjective verb that ends in ‘하 다’.

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About nunasaoirse

I have been learning Korean language for more than 8 years in either Singapore or Korea. Writing this blog helps me to refresh my knowledge. I am still revising Korean language every now and then but not actively. This blog consisted of the gist of the several Korean textbooks that I am using and you may find some examples "de-ja-vu".
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